Commonly referred to as “Cosmetic” surgery, Aesthetic Eye Surgery is any of a number of surgical procedures designed to improve the appearance of your eyes, primarily to reduce signs of aging. In most cases, the surgery is performed on the eyelids and/or surrounding tissues, not the eyes.
Other terms for Aesthetic Eye Surgery include blepharoplasty, cosmetic eyelid surgery, brow lift, eyelid plastic surgery and cosmetic Asian eyelid surgery. Blepharoplasty is surgical modification of the eyelid. Excess tissue such as skin and fat are removed or repositioned, and surrounding muscles and tendons may be reinforced. The most frequently performed aesthetic eye surgery, Blepharoplasty can be both a functional and aesthetic surgery.
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A CLOSER LOOK AT EYELID SURGERY
Complete eye health includes having healthy eyes ad healthy eyelids. Common eyelid problems include excess eyelid skin, droopy eyelids or eyelids that turn inward or outward. These problems can cause eye discomfort, limit vision, and affect appearance. Fortunately, they can be corrected with surgery.
A condition in which the upper eyelid droops. Surgery restores the upper eyelid to its normal position. Ptosis (pronounced “toe-sis”) can either be apparent at birth (congenital) or develop with age (involutional).
A child with congenital ptosis may tilt his or her head backward in order to see, so the condition does not always lead to poor vision. However, children with ptosis should be examined by an ophthalmologist because they may have other associated eye problems.
Surgery to correct ptosis is commonly recommended in the preschool years to improve appearance and make it easier for the child to see. The type of surgery varies, depending upon how much the eyelids droop.
Involutional ptosis develops with aging. It may worsen after other types of eye surgery or eyelid swelling. Ptosis may limit your side or even your central vision. If ptosis occurs in one eye, it may create an uneven appearance. Surgical shortening of the muscle that opens the eyelid will often lead to better vision and improved appearance.
EXCESS EYELID SKIN
Over time, many people develop excess eyelid skin. Eyelid skin is the thinnest skin of the body, so it tends to stretch.
In the upper eyelid, this stretched skin may limit your side vision. The same problem causes “bags” to form in the lower eyelids.
The excess skin in the upper eyelids can be removed surgically by a procedure called blepharoplasty. It improves side vision and other symptoms. Removal of the excess skin in either the upper or lower eyelids may also improve appearance. If excess fatty tissue is present, it may be removed at the same time.
ECTROPION: OUTWARD TURNING OF THE LOWER EYELID
Stretching of the lower eyelid from age may cause the eyelid to droop downward and turn outward. This condition is called Ectropion. Eyelid burns or skin disease can also cause this problem. Ectropion can cause dryness of the eyes, excessive tearing, redness, and sensitivity to light and wind. Surgery usually restores the normal position of the eyelid, improving these symptoms.
ENTROPION: INWARD TURNING OF THE LOWER EYELID
Entropion also occurs most commonly as a result of aging. Infection and scarring inside the eyelid are other causes of entropion. When the eyelid turns inward, the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye, making it red, iritated, watery, and sensitive to light and wind.
If entropion is not treated, an infection may develop on the clear surface of the eye called the cornea.
With surgery, the eyelid can be turned outward to its normal position, protecting the eye and improving these symptoms.
EYELID PLASTIC SURGERY
Eyelid placstic surgery is almost always performed on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia. Before surgery, your ophthalmologist will perform an eye examination and make recommendations. Photographs and side-vision testing are often required by insurance companies before blepharoplasty and ptosis surgery.
(Resource Material from the American Academy of Ophthalmology)
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FAQ’s about Aesthetic Eye Surgery (frequently asked questions)